Peering into the future of agricultural change

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest USGS scientists led by Terry Sohl at the Earth Resources Observation and Science Center have created a crystal ball to better depict future agricultural land change and project outcomes. Sohl and his colleagues have modified the Forecasting Scenarios of Land-Use Change model to project agricultural change by parcel across a large region in the U.S. Great Plains.The new FORE-SCE model is unique in that instead of using small pixels, it uses ownership and land management boundaries from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. So scientists can mimic how farmers make decisions on the use of individual parcels of land, and then scale that up to regional and national levels.So, let’s say growing switchgrass to produce ethanol becomes more profitable for North Dakota farmers in the future. Or non-agricultural lands north of the Twin Cities prove advantageous for growing potatoes. The new FORE-SCE model can portray a broader geographic extent, higher spatial resolution at 30 meters, and higher thematic resolution with 28 land cover classes—including 14 different crop types—to project more realistic landscape pattern scenarios and better assess the ecological, economic, and climate outcomes from agricultural changes.That’s valuable knowledge not only in assessing how well agriculture in North Dakota can accommodate the need for more biofuel in the future, but also how large-scale agricultural change might affect biodiversity in the area—honey bees’ ability to pollinate, for example. With more realistic scenarios of increased potato farming in the Upper Mississippi River basin, the parcel-based model can help inform decision makers on how increased agricultural nutrients in groundwater might change water treatment requirements in the Twin Cities.Read more about the work of Sohl and his colleagues at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1747423X.2017.1340525last_img read more

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Crop rotation and second year soybean yields

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Matt Hutcheson, CCA Product Manager, Seed Consultants, Inc.As spring approaches and plans for the 2019 crop are finalized, growers will determine what crops to plant and plant crop rotation across their acres. When considering crop rotations and yields, many focus on continuous corn and the yield penalties associated with that practices. However, there is one possibly overlooked benefit of crop rotation: avoiding a soybean yield penalty.In this article, the University of Kentucky’s John Grove discusses soybean yields for first year and second year soybeans from 2009 to 2016. Grove’s research data shows an average yield penalty of 2.3 bushels per acre across that 7-year period, with some years being showing yield losses greater than 10 bushels per acre. In another article from No-Till Farmer, Greg Roth shows data that predicts a four- to six-bushel per acre yield penalty for second year soybeans.Yield loses from continuous soybeans (and other continuous crops) are usually associated with increased disease presence as well as pests. Diseases that can over-winter on crop residue can be more severe for second year soybeans, especially in no-till production systems. Soybean cyst nematode presence can also increase with continuous soybean production. Additionally, weeds that are difficult to control in soybeans (marestail, etc.) can spread and rob yield as well.No-Till Farmer also published this article about managing risk in second year soybeans. Practices such as crop rotation, varietal selection, seeding rates, row widths, and tillage practices can be used to mitigate yield losses in soybeans. As growers look forward to the 2019 season, yield losses from continuous soybeans should be considered when determining acreage for crops to be produced.last_img read more

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Adobe Premiere Pro: Applying Audio Effects to Multiple Tracks

first_imgUse the audio sub mix feature in Adobe Premiere Pro to apply audio effects to multiple tracks at once – a trick for working smarter, not harder!If you’re looking to speed up your workflow, improve consistency in the sound of your clips and better organize your audio, consider applying audio effects to submixes in Premiere Pro.  Submixes provide a quick and easy way for multiple audio clips (and tracks) to all use the same effects and filters.  Make one change to an effect and it will change all the audio clips associated with that submix.  Huge timesaver!In this Adobe Premiere Pro tutorial we’ll tackle:When to apply audio effects to multiple tracksUsing the Audio WorkspaceCreating a SubmixApplying audio effects to a SubmixWhen to Apply Audio Effects to Multiple Tracks in PremiereBefore we get into the details, lets talk about when you would need to apply audio effects to multiple tracks in Premiere Pro.Say that you have 2 tracks of  narration that you want to apply the same EQ to. The hard way would be to apply EQ to each clip on each track separately.The less hard way is to apply the effect to to each track, and the easiest is to apply the effect to a submit so the EQ effects multiple tracks.I tend to go ahead and make sub mixes in Premiere Pro even if I have just one audio track. That way if I do add multiple tracks later, the submit is already setup and I just assign the additional tracks.Using the Audio Workspace in Premiere ProUsing Premiere Pro’s workspaces save you time in that they set up a layout suited to specific tasks.  In this instace we’ll want to work with the Audio layout.Go to Window > Workspace> Audio. This workspace rearranges the layout, with the Audio Mixer on a tab with the Source Window and  the Project top left.Click on the triangle top left on the Audio Mixer to reveal the Effects and Sends panel.Creating a Submix in Premiere ProTo use the same effect on multiple Premiere Pro audio tracks, you create a submix and send both tracks to it, and apply the effect to the submix.For Audio 1, click in the Sends panel, and in the first slot click and select create stereo submix.Below that click on the Master pulldown and change it to submix 1.  Now Audio 1 is sent to submix 1.Repeat the steps to send other tracks to the submix.   Simple enough, right?  Now, let’s look at how to apply effects to submixes.Applying audio effects to a SubmixClick in the the top slot of the Effect panel (top left panel of the Audio Mixer) to add an Effect. (I added EQ).To adjust the EQ, double click  it to open the parameters for the EQ and adjust as needed (I rolled off the low and high end)You can add up to 5 effects and 5 submixes.  You can also rename your tracks and sub mixes as needed by clicking on their names (turns blue).Utilize the submix feature in Adobe Premiere Pro is a surefire way to make your editing more efficient!Got a Premiere Pro comment or tip to share?Let us know in the comments!last_img read more

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City buzz

first_imgCheck out the latest fashion, places, fads and trends.Colour me redConverse, America’s Original Sports Company has unveiled the latest collection ofConverse Chuck Taylor and All star. The range comprises four different styles for the season-Colored Toe Ox, Colored Toe Hi, Flicker Print and Check Oxford.Price: Rs.1,490 onwardsFlower showerThe Body Shop has launched Earth Lovers, its first ever 100 percent biodegradable shower gel range. These are available in invigorating combinations of lemon and thyme, mint and cucumber, watermelon and eucalyptus, fig and rosemary, pear and lemongrass and apricot and basil. The Earth Lovers range is made from a soap-free base with no sulphates, colourants or parabens.Guests at the opening of EMOJuicy CoutureRecently opened Emo has the ambience and trappings of a pub, except there’s no alcohol. Founded by young entrepreneurs Dolby Samuel, Tony Abraham and Dominic Simon, it is Chennai’s first non-alcoholic pub and mocktail lounge. The launch party had Karun Raman’s fashion show and a performance by Molotov Cocktail.last_img read more

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Joel Embiid’s big night leads 76ers past Nets in possible playoff preview

first_imgWintry storm delivers US travel woes before Thanksgiving JJ Redick scored 18 points and Ben Simmons had 16 points and eight assists for the 76ers, who snapped a two-game losing streak.The game matched teams that would’ve met in the first round of the playoffs had the postseason started Thursday. The 76ers have a strong hold on the No. 3 seed in the East with seven games remaining, and they moved three games ahead of idle Indiana.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“We might see them in the playoffs, so it was good to see where we’re at, especially after two losses,” Embiid said. “I’ve been feeling it. I’ve been getting ready. I’m excited.”Embiid has a bad taste in his mouth from last season’s second-round exit via Boston. In that series, Embiid was forced to wear a mask to protect an eye injury. He’s preparing for a deeper postseason run this time around. “It’s definitely going to be a different story,” he said.Embiid did his damage inside and outside against the Nets. The All-Star center got off to a fast start, scoring 14 of Philadelphia’s first 19 points while making five of seven shots, including all three 3-point tries.Joe Harris scored 22 points and Rondae Hollis-Jefferson added 19 for Brooklyn, which is clinging to a playoff spot.The Nets began Thursday sixth in the East, but dropped to seventh with Detroit’s 115-98 win over Orlando on Thursday. Brooklyn is a half-game in front of No. 8 Miami and just one game ahead of the ninth-place Magic and two games clear of No. 10 Charlotte.“We have to be better to beat a team like this,” Brooklyn coach Kenny Atkinson said.ADVERTISEMENT Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess View comments Bloomberg: US would benefit from more, not fewer, immigrants PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Google Philippines names new country director Trump tells impeachment jokes at annual turkey pardon event Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. TIP-INSBrooklyn: Allen Crabbe (right knee) missed his sixth straight game. … The Nets dropped to 17-22 on the road. … Brooklyn struggled from the free-throw line, shooting 19 of 29. … Russell, who was averaging 28.3 points on the road trip, scored 13.Philadelphia: Assistant coach Billy Lange accepted the head coaching job at Saint Joseph’s University on Thursday. Lange’s duties coaching the defense will be assumed by Jim O’Brien. … Philadelphia improved to 30-9 at home and 13-7 since adding Tobias Harris.UP NEXTBrooklyn: Open a three-game homestand Saturday against Boston.Philadelphia: At Minnesota Saturday night.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Colombia protesters vow new strike after talks hit snag Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Brooklyn finished a grueling seven-game road trip 2-5. And it doesn’t get easier for the Nets, who are trying to make the playoffs for the first time since the 2014-15 season.Brooklyn’s remaining six-game schedule includes contests against Boston, Toronto, Indiana, Miami and a pair vs. Milwaukee.“We have to recharge our batteries,” Atkinson said. “It’s been a long trip. We have to somehow get that juice back. We lacked a little juice tonight.”Philadelphia surged to an early lead and never let go.Helped by making eight of their first 10 3-point attempts, the 76ers led by as many as 20 points in the first half before settling for a 68-58 lead at the break. The Nets closed to within six at 71-65 and had a chance to cut it to four with Rodions Kurucs at the line for two free throws 2:42 into the third quarter. But Kurucs missed both foul shots, and Philadelphia ran off 10 straight to take a 15-point lead.“It’s really bitten us,” Atkinson said of the free-throw shooting. “You have to make your free throws.”TECHNICALLY SPEAKINGThe teams received a combined four technical fouls. Three of the fouls came in the first half, all from referee Scott Foster for arguing calls. For Philadelphia, Embiid and Jimmy Butler were whistled for techs, while Brooklyn’s D’Angelo Russell received one. Simmons was called for a tech in the second half for dissent.HEAD GAMEEmbiid, Butler and Mike Scott wore tie-back headbands. It was Embiid’s idea, and the big man said he might stick to the fashion statement after draining three 3-pointers. Bucks stop Clippers, but Antetokounmpo aggravates ankle MOST READ Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Philadelphia 76ers’ Joel Embiid, center, drives to the basket as Brooklyn Nets’ Jared Dudley, right, and Ed Davis, left, defend during the second half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, March 28, 2019, in Philadelphia. (AP Photo/Michael Perez)PHILADELPHIA — Joel Embiid is raising his game in anticipation of the playoffs.Embiid had 39 points, 13 rebounds and six assists to lead the Philadelphia 76ers to a 123-110 victory over the Brooklyn Nets on Thursday night.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIESlast_img read more

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