Study clears child vaccines

first_imgThe study involved 1,047 children who were exposed to varying levels of thimerosal while in the womb or after birth in the 1990s. The children belonged to four health-maintenance organizations that are part of a federal project to study the side effects of vaccines. Their mercury exposure was determined through medical and immunization records and interviews with parents. Each child was tested for speech and language skills, motor coordination and intelligence. Parents, teachers and trained specialists also rated stuttering, attention span and tic disorders such as head shaking, eye blinking and neck jerking. A total of 42 neurological problems were analyzed. On balance, researchers did not find a consistent pattern between increasing thimerosal exposure and the risk of these problems. However, they said one finding merited further study: Boys exposed to higher mercury levels seemed to have more tic problems – a link seen in previous research. “The doses of mercury that children were exposed to because of immunization doesn’t cause neuropsychological damage,” said Dr. Bruce H. Cohen, a Cleveland Clinic pediatric neurology specialist who had no role in the study. The CDC study was reviewed by an independent panel of scientists and statisticians who oversaw its design, reviewed results and contributed to writing the report. The panel included one vaccine opponent – Sallie Bernard, executive director of the consumer group SafeMinds. Although she had a role in planning the study, she asked to be listed as a “dissenting member” because she disagreed with the study’s conclusions.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! However, the study did not examine autism – the developmental disorder that some critics blame on vaccines. A separate study due out in a year will look at that issue, said scientists at the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who led the latest analysis and published results in today’s New England Journal of Medicine. They found no clear link between early exposure to the preservative thimerosal and problems with brain function and behavior in children ages 7 to 10. The results are in line with past research that found no connection between vaccines and neurological problems or autism. Thimerosal has not been used in childhood vaccines since 2001, although it is still in some flu shots. The new findings apply to children immunized before then, or exposed to the preservative through shots their mothers received while pregnant. Thimerosal was in vaccines to prevent bacteria contamination. Some doctors say the CDC study should reassure parents worried about the safety of vaccines. “It’s good news for families,” said Dr. Michael Goldstein, vice president of the American Academy of Neurology, who works in private practice in Salt Lake City. “There’s no evidence that these vaccines have caused injury.” HEALTH: Mercury used in shots before 2001 didn’t raise risk of neurological problems. By Alicia Chang THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A mercury-based preservative once used in many vaccines does not raise the risk of neurological problems in children, concludes a large federal study that researchers say should reassure parents about the safety of shots their kids received a decade or more ago. last_img read more

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SA begins single-dose HIV drug roll-out

first_img8 April 2013 About 180 000 HIV-positive South Africans will soon start taking fixed-dose combination antiretroviral (ARV) medication, which involves one tablet instead of three to five pills a day, reducing the risk of patients defaulting from treatment. Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi launched the single-dose ARVs at Phedisong 4 Community Health Clinic in Ga-Rankuwa outside Pretoria on Monday. The fixed-dose combination (FDC) ARV will be given to newly diagnosed HIV-positive people, HIV-positive pregnant women and breast-feeding mothers. Motsoaledi said the department had revised the guidelines for prevention of mother-to-child transmission, paediatric and adult treatment due to changes in the treatment regime for FDC ARVs. The fixed-dose combination – containing emtricitabine, efavirenz and tenofovir – is a multiple antiretroviral drug combined into a single pill, which helps reduce pill burden. It is easy to take, highly effective and in no way inferior to taking three individual drugs.Pregnant HIV-positive women “We also decided that all pregnant HIV-positive women will be started on the FDC, regardless of their CD4 count. They will stay on treatment until they complete breastfeeding. They will continue on treatment should their CD4 count be 350 or below,” Motsoaledi said. “More than 7 000 doctors and nurses have been updated on the new guidelines and we’ve ensured that at least one [or two] health care professionals in each facility have been updated.” In addition, more than 200 master trainers have been trained, including those based at regional training centres and those stationed at the department’s development partners. Eligible patients will get one month’s supply of FDC pills for the first three months. “They will see their clinicians monthly for three months so that they can be carefully monitored. Thereafter, if they are stable they, will be given three months’ supply of FDCs. “From June onwards, all other stable, non-complicated patients will be switched to FDCs after consultation with their clinicians,” he said. A pregnancy register has been introduced at selected sites to conduct surveillance on adverse drug reactions. Motsoaledi explained that it was standard clinical practice worldwide to monitor drug reactions. “We need to carefully monitor reactions of patients on drugs and take action when we see any systematic adverse events.”‘Treatment without disruption’ Motsoaledi said he was confident that they had sufficient supplies of ARVs for all patients who are eligible for the FDC pills as the department had been working with three suppliers to ensure that they are able to supply them the requisite quantities without disruption. “In order to ensure uninterrupted supply of ARV medicines on the new tender, the national Department of Health has initiated monthly supplier meetings to discuss forecasted demand for the following three months so that manufacturers can plan their manufacturing accordingly,” he said. Data has been collected from provincial depots on a weekly basis and analysed in order to identify weaknesses in the supply chain, which are then addressed either with the province or the supplier depending on the nature of the problem. To date, 389 857 units of FDC pills have been supplied to the provinces. A further 915 000 units are expected to be delivered during the course of April. The volume units are expected to increase to 1.5-million per month by September this year to allow all patients – including switching existing, stable patients currently taking three individual ARV drugs – to have access to the pills. Currently, 1.7-million patients are on ARV treatment, and the department hopes to expand this to 2.5-million by the end of 2014. One of the first beneficiaries of the FDC pills, Andrew Mosane from Ga-Rankuwa Zone 4, is the Gauteng secretary for the Treatment Action Campaign. Mosane said the new drug would make his life easier. “It’s going to be less stress than taking five tablets a day, and everybody will have access to it. [This will] improve peoples’ lives,” he said. Source: SANews.gov.zalast_img read more

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Mandela’s close friends express the world’s grief

first_imgAhmed Kathrada, 84, one of Nelson Mandela’s oldest friends and confidantes, at Madiba’s memorial service in Johannesburg on 10 December 2013. The two met almost 70 years ago in Johannesburg when Kathrada was a teenager in high school, and Mandela a university student.  (Image: GCIS) READ MORE • Mandela on Media Club South Africa • Nelson Mandela: the world mourns • Nelson Mandela – a timeline  • Barack Obama’s tribute to Mandela  • Watch: World reacts to Mandela’s death • Infographic: Mandela family tree • Nelson Mandela’s words of wisdom • The women in Madiba’s life • Tutu leads memorial at the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory • Photo gallery: South Africans celebrate Nelson Mandela Perhaps the best people to express the sadness of South Africa – and the world – after the death of Nelson Mandela are those closest to him: his long-time personal assistant Zelda la Grange, his old friend Ahmed Kathrada, and his fellow Elder, Desmond Tutu.La Grange was Mandela’s aide for 19 years, helping organise his life and shielding from an often overenthusiastic media and public. They grew close. On Friday 6 December, the day after he died, she released a statement that summed up the feelings of many. She had, she said, “come to terms with the fact that Madiba’s legacy is not dependent on his presence”.“His legacy will not only live on in everything that has been named after him, the books, the images, the movies. It will live on in how we feel when we hear his name, the respect and love, the unity he inspired in us as a country but particularly how we relate to one another.”She wrote of how he had moulded her into the person she is today. “Thank you for all the wonderful opportunities you afforded me, but most of all thank you for believing in me Khulu, [isiXhosa for “grandfather”] making me a better person, a better South African.”Prayer and reflection, song and danceThe nation has expressed its grief in different ways. Sunday 8 December was an official day of prayer and reflection on Mandela’s life. People gathered in churches, mosques and synagogues around the country. Others visited Mandela’s Houghton home to place flowers and candles on the street outside, and be quietly contemplative, or sing and dance in his memory outside his old home in Soweto. Still others just took to the outdoors, cycling in his honour, or being with family in public places.His friends and companions for decades – George Bizos and Ahmed Kathrada, among others – have been on television and radio recounting anecdotes, talking about his sense of humour, his strength and courage in the hard times he faced, and his simple humanity. World presidents and prime ministers such as Bill Clinton and Tony Blair, who both describe him as a close friend, have similarly recounted with affection their times with him.‘Trust, respect, liking and close comradeship’His old friend and fellow prisoner on Robben Island, Ahmed Kathrada, said in a statement the day after he died: “Madala [Zulu for old man], as you light-heartedly started calling me some years ago, it both grieves me and inspired me to write this to you now, with the hour of your death still a fresh wound in our people’s hearts.”They met in Johannesburg when Kathrada was a teenager in high school, and Mandela a university student. Kathrada is now 84.The title Madala, he said, “signifies mutual trust, respect, liking and close comradeship. In a wider sense, this one word brings out much more. It encapsulates the foundation of the very qualities that set you apart from other men.“Foremost is your sincere and consistent ability and skill in relating as equals to fellow beings from all walks of life – royalty, peasants, prime ministers, business people, presidents, workers, scientists, the illiterate, children, men and women: you treat, and regard, all as equal and equally deserving of respect, decency and dignity. You embodied the epitome of respect for your fellow beings, and the ability to relate easily to every strata of society.”Kathrada was sentenced to life imprisonment with Mandela in 1964, and served 25 years.“Your abundant reserves of love, simplicity, honesty, service, humility, care, courage, foresight, patience, tolerance, equality and justice continually served as a source of enormous strength to me and so many millions of people around the world,” he wrote.One of the many endearing features of Mandela was his wide, warm smile. Kathrada said: “Yet your smile, which lingers still, was always from the heart, never forced or used for expediency’s sake, and the great joy you took in the world around you, especially in children, was unmistakeable.”Mandela’s love of children was legendary. His love for his own children was long distance when he was a prisoner, but he always signed letters to Zindzi and Zenani with affection: “With lots of love and a million kisses”, or “A million kisses and tons and tons of love”.‘The gift of Madiba’Perhaps the best person to express the deep sadness South Africans are feeling is Anglican Archbishop emeritus Desmond Tutu, who with Mandela led the Elders, a group of retired and independent world leaders. Barely 12 hours after the world heard of Mandela’s death, Tutu gave a brief, emotional address in St George’s Cathedral in Cape Town to a tearful congregation.“We gave hope to the world and one gift that you and I can give to the world as a fitting memorial, remembrance of Tata, is for us to become what the world had thought impossible,” he said slowly and deliberately, his eyes closed. “Let us give him the gift of a South Africa … God, thank you for the gift of Madiba. Thank you for what he has enabled us to know what we can become. Help us to become that kind of nation.”Tutu led another memorial to Mandela on Monday 9 December, at the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory in Johannesburg. He had by now regained his famous sense of humour, perhaps just what the audience of several hundred needed, after a numb three days of grief.“Thank you for giving the world this amazing person,” he said. “What a fantastic gift God gave to us in this Mandela.”Tutu recalled many of Mandela’s extraordinary acts of reconciliation, such as going to have tea with Betsy Verwoerd, the wife of the architect of apartheid. “The chemistry of this country began to be affected.”Or, when he wore a green Springbok jersey in support of the national rugby team during the 1995 World Cup, an act symbolic of the unity he wanted to create. “Any other president would have looked clumsy,” said Tutu, but not Madiba.“South Africa used to be the world’s pariah, but it was transformed into a beautiful, beautiful butterfly.”The audience responded with laughter, smiles and tears, in an emotional release.But it could be Kathrada’s words, in the end, that best sum up our feelings: “Farewell my elder brother, my mentor, my leader. With all the energy and determination at our command, we pledge to join the people of South Africa and the world to perpetuate the ideals and values for which you have devoted your life.”last_img read more

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PODCAST: How to Insulate an Unvented Roof

first_imgAttics are a great place to reclaim living space without the expense of an addition. If you have the headroom, you can gain at least one extra room by finishing your attic.But with energy codes requiring more and more insulation, it can be difficult to pack all of that R-value into the skinny little rafters that are common in older houses.One solution is to add layers of rigid foam under the rafters, but this cuts in to living space. A better solution is to add layers of foam to the outside of the roof. This not only boosts the roof’s R-value, but it breaks the thermal bridge of the rafters and increases the air-tightness of the whole roof assembly.The takeaways:1. The higher the R-value, the better, and where you put the insulation matters.2. Exterior insulation solves a lot of thermal nosebleeds, but the amount of foam you put on the outside needs to be proportional with the amount of insulation on the inside, within the rafter cavity. You need enough exterior foam to prevent condensation on the inside of the roof sheathing by keeping that plywood warm.3. Is it a good idea to make an unvented roof with a lot of foam on the outside? Yes. Roofs are like walls that are severely out of plumb, and an unvented wall can work.Just make sure that you don’t do it willy-nilly: if you are going to ask more of your buildings, you need to ask more of your details.For more roof design details, browse the detail library in the roof/wall connections section.last_img read more

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How Advertisers Can Avoid Paying For Accidental Mobile Clicks

first_imgTop Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Accidental clicks cost mobile advertisers tons of money. The key to minimizing the damage is to insist on transparency before bidding on ads.Earlier this week, we reported on a study that found 22% of clicks mobile advertisements were accidental. Although some ads that are viewed accidentally lead to purchases, the proportion is vanishingly small, leading to wasted ad budgets. Moreover, unintentional clicks cost not only the price of the ad impression, but also the cost of staff, connectivity, and the like. So we asked experts about the best ways for advertisers to avoid accidental clicks.User interface design can make a huge difference, of course. “Imagine if banner ads took up one-third of your PC [screen] and your mouse pointer was the size of a fist,” John Busby, vice president of the mobile advertising industry group the Marchex Institute, offers by way of analogy. “You’d make a ton of accidental clicks. If you’re looking through a list of, say, restaurants, it is very easy to click a link or phone number when you intended to scroll.”But good design is only part of the equation. Advertisers should make sure they won’t be charged for clicks the audience didn’t intend. “In mobile, the problem just may be using clicks as a pricing model,” Busby said. “The best way for marketers to ensure quality is to insist on paying for calls that can actually generate results, so mobile publishers should focus on new ways to measure engagement.”Advertisers need to manage their ad bids to account for accidental clicks, according to Alex Mizrahi of adMarketplace.com. “The good news is, this can be managed so the publisher, not the advertiser, incurs the cost of these accidental or fraudulent clicks,” he said. “We find that, by publisher, accidental clicks are mixed in with intentional clicks at a relatively stable rate. So if you can discount your bids by publisher to account for the accidental clicks, you can maintain your performance.”Daryl Colwell, vice president of business development at MediaWhiz, agrees. His firm, an integrated digital media agency, aggressively monitors the source of clicks and the resulting interaction, and insists on a high level of transparency to track that data when placing ads with mobile publishers.Adding technology that tracks results can be critical. At the very least, advertisers should insist on a list of sites where their ads will be published. “Layering on technology that enables us to track the source of calls, duration and result has made us smarter marketers on the mobile Web,” he said. “It’s allowed us to determine down to a very specific level which source(s) are providing the best results for us/our clients.”center_img Related Posts dave copeland Tags:#advertising#web last_img read more

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Kalmadi, Lalli in Shunglu panel glare over CWG broadcasting rights

first_imgSuresh Kalmadi appears to be in for more trouble after the Shunglu Committee submitted an interim report on Monday on the irregularities in awarding broadcast rights for the Commonwealth Games.According to top government sources, the sacked Organising Committee chief is likely to come under spotlight because of his alleged links with contractors “favoured” with broadcast rights.It is learnt that the committee, which submitted the interim report to the Prime Minister’s Office, has squarely blamed the suspended Prasar Bharati CEO B. S. Lalli for causing a loss worth Rs 135 crore to the exchequer.Lalli has been accused of favouring private firms in awarding broadcast contracts for the 14-day sports extravaganza. Lalli is already under suspension on charges of financial irregularities in other cases related to Prasar Bharti.Officials said the heat on Lalli will also singe Kalmadi as his name has been linked to contractors who outsourced their work.Prasar Bharati gave a contract worth Rs 246 crore to SIS Live, which is in turn being accused of subletting it to Zoom Communications.Zoom Communications got the contract for Rs 177 crore but did work for only Rs 111 crore.Probing these contractors and the opening of the files is likely to lead to Kalmadi’s doors, the officials added.During the course of investigation, Kalmadi may be grilled extensively on the contract terms and whether there were any links of the ” favoured” contractors with Kalmadi or any of his close family members and friends.The panel led by former comptroller and auditor general V. K. Shunglu is racing against time to collaborate and compile all documents related to projects executed by various departments in the run up to the mega sporting event held in October 2010.advertisementThe term of the Shunglu panel has been extended till March 31 to allow it to submit a full report on financial irregularities relating to the Games.The panel’s final report will also look into the alleged bungling in awarding of contracts by several government agencies such as the MCD, the NDMC, the DDA, the PWD, the CPWD among others.last_img read more

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Olympiakos Beats Platanias 2-1

first_imgATHENS — Costas’ Mitroglou’s close-range winner in the 73rd minute gave defending champion Olympiakos a 2-1 win over Platanias in the Greek league on Jan. 4.Devin N’Dinga had opened the scoring for Olympiakos in the 17th and Juan Aguilera Nunez equalized in the 50th.The win kept Olympiakos a point behind league-leading PAOK, a 3-2 winner over Panionios on Jan. 3. Platanias is 12th.Giannena and Panathinaikos tried to play through thick fog, but the game was twice interrupted and ultimately abandoned in the 25th minute. It will resume at 3 p.m. local time on Jan. 5.Also, Ergotelis drew 1-1 at Levadiakos and Atromitos and Kalloni played to a scoreless draw.TweetPinShare0 Shareslast_img read more

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No winning ticket for Friday nights 50 million Lotto Max jackpot

first_imgThe Canadian Press TORONTO — No winning ticket was sold for the $50 million jackpot in Friday night’s Lotto Max draw.The draw’s two Maxmillions prizes of $1 million each also went unclaimed.The jackpot for the next Lotto Max draw on July 23 will grow to approximately $55 million and there will be four Maxmillions prizes up for grabs.last_img

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First Town Hall Meeting Wraps Up

first_img Robust discussions mounting ahead of Public Meeting on Building Height increase Recommended for you Related Items:Constitutional Review Committee, gus lightbourne gym, town hall meeting Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales – A late night wrap up for the first town hall meeting of the Constitutional Review Committee, with residents stating their objections, giving their ideas and asking clarification on various elements of the 2011 Turks and Caicos Islands Constitution. Among the concerns same sex marriage, trial by jury, the make-up of parliament and the limited power of the finance minister due to the entrenched role of a UK appointed Chief Financial Officer. The meeting in Grand Turk went until around 11pm, Provo residents get their opportunity on Thursday at the Gus Lightbourne Gym at 6pm. Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Town Hall Meeting for Building Heights at gym later today Science Fair open to public viewing by noonlast_img read more

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TCI Red Cross Annual Red and White Ball 2018

first_imgFacebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Related Items: Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppIt’s that time of year again for the Turks and Caicos Islands Red Cross Red and White Ball.  Our major fundraiser for the year is the 5th Annual Red and White Ball, which will be held on May 26th, 2018, 7pm – 10 pm with the venue to be announced.  We depend on the generosity of individuals and businesses for support in making this event a success and therefore asking you to purchase your tickets and encourage your friends and colleagues to get their tickets too.  Pricing for the tickets as follows:Individual tickets: $75.00Couple tickets: $100.00Table: $700.00The Turks and Caicos Islands Red Cross enables vulnerable people in our communities to prepare for and respond to emergencies, and when the crisis is over we help people to recover and move on with their lives. One of the main ways we fund our work is by hosting social fundraisers.Please contact Kency Garland, Volunteer-Youth Officer at 331-6467 or Paula Garland, Fundraising Committee at 241-2905 with acknowledgement of the ticket purchase or if you have questions regarding the event.Thank You for your support as we work Together for Humanity.last_img read more

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